Bilateral Cooperation & International Relations

 

Armenia-Russia and Armenia-EAEU Relations

Less than half of polled Armenians consider Russia an ally
/Feb 1/MediaMax/

Yerevan – A new survey shows that the public attitude in Armenia towards Russia has become more positive, but Armenians still associate their future with the European Union.

The public opinion poll was conducted by the Analytical Centre on Globalization and Regional Cooperation from July 1 to October 1, 2018.

According to the authors, comparison with the results of a similar poll, undertaken in 2017, demonstrates that the trust towards Russia and CSTO has somewhat grown in the Armenian society in 2018.

When asked if Russia can be considered Armenia’s ally, 34% of those surveyed in 2017 responded positively, and in the 2018 survey, the percentage of positive replies grew to 41.21.

According to Directo of the Analytical Centre on Globalization and Regional Cooperation Stepan Grigoryan, the increase of positive attitude towards Russia is mostly conditioned by the fact that Russia exercised restraint during the Velvet revolution and did not cause any hindrance.

He believes the survey results break the stereotype that the vast majority of Armenian citizens consider Russia an ally.

Compared to 2017, the positive dynamics of public attitude towards Russia has spread onto the CSTO to a certain extent. While only 15.78% of the people surveyed in 2017 believed that the organization ensured Armenia’s security, the number reached 20.99% in 2018.

When asked if CSTO would support Armenia in case of a war with Azerbaijan, 40.56% of the surveyed responded positively and 59.44% said they did not believe CSTO would help.

Over 88% of those surveyed in 2017 said they wanted Armenia to intensify relations with the EU, and in 2018, 86.85% spoke in favor of intensification.

When asked if the new government should deepen its relations with the European Union, 86.58% responded positively and 13.15% replied “no”.

66.71% of the people surveyed associate Armenia’s future with the EU and 33.29% do not.

Over 69% of Armenian citizens have positive attitude towards NATO.

The public opinion poll included 800 citizens surveyed in Yerevan, Gyumri, Vanadzor, Vayk, Yeghegnadzor, Martuni and other cities.
 

Regular session of EAEU Intergovernmental Council to be held in Yerevan
/Feb 1/ArmenPress.am/

YEREVAN – The regular session of the EAEU Intergovernmental Council will be held in Yerevan, ARMENPRESS reports, citing TASS, Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan Mukhammetkalyi Abylgaziev announced during the EAEU Intergovernmental Council session in Almaty.

“At the proposal of the Armenian side we plan to once again meet in the sunny city. And taking this pleasant opportunity I will present a suggestion to hold the next session of the EAEU Intergovernmental Council after Yerevan in our country in Cholpon-Ata city in August”, he said.

The 16th session of the EAEU Intergovernmental Council takes place in Almaty on Friday. The digital agenda of the organisation is being discussed.
 

Russia, Georgia agree on forming land trade corridors vital for Armenia
/Feb 4/ArmenPress.am/

YEREVAN – Moscow and Tbilisi have completed the discussions on launching an alternative land route vital for Armenia. The sides have completed the procedures on implementing the provisions of the agreement on Customs administration and Monitoring mechanisms for the trade of goods, Kommersant reports citing a source of the Russian government.

The agreement enables to use the territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia for trade and transit.

It was signed in Geneva in 2011.

“Russia joined the World Health Organization in 2012, but the agreement with Georgia, which supposes formation of three trade corridors between the two countries, two of which will pass through Abkhazia and South Ossetia, has not worked. The preparation for this required 7 years from Moscow and Tbilisi”, the newspaper says.

The source said at the moment there are no obstacles for conducting the agreed upon mechanisms.

The Swiss Societe Generale de Surveillance will conduct the monitoring and labelling of the goods flow. The Georgian side has signed a contract with the Swiss company in 2017 and Russia in 2018. The concrete geographic coordinates of the trade corridors are enshrined in the 2011 agreement.

According to Kommersant, Armenia is also interested in the launch of the implementation of the agreement. Armenia views the corridor passing through South Ossetia as an alternative to the Lars checkpoint which is often closed in winter due to bad weather conditions.
 

Pashinyan speaks about balance Armenia’s relations with Russia, EU and NATO
/Feb 8/ARKA/

YEREVAN – Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, in an interview with Switzerland’s RTS, shared his view on balance in Armenia’s relations with Russia, the European Union and the NATO.  
He said that Armenia is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, which is a very important market to our country, but Armenia has also agreements with the European Union, and this is not incompatible. 
Pashinyan said in his interview that Yerevan’s ties with Russia are important for economy and security, but relations with the European Union allows Armenia to reform its political and judicial systems and to develop the society enhancing its competitiveness. 
Along with that, Pashinyan finds it important to be cautious not to affect the balance, particularly in terms of the NATO.  
He said Armenia has no plans to join this organization, but still cooperates with countries that are part of it and participates in peacekeeping missions in Kosovo and Afghanistan and will soon take part in the peacekeeping mission in Lebanon. 
Nikol Pashinyan said that Armenia intends to continue and expand this cooperation, since Armenians know the real price of peace.
 

Russian foreign ministry comments on situation around CSTO secretary general Russian foreign ministry comments on situation around CSTO secretary general
/Feb 10/News.am/

The current situation around the issue of the Secretary General of the CSTO is painful for the organisation, however it doesn’t affect the efficiency and combat readiness of the organisation, Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Pankin told Ria Novosti agency.

The CSTO Collective Security Council relieved Armenia’s Yuri Khachaturov of his duties as the organization’s secretary general in November at the initiative of official Yerevan, following charges brought by Armenian Special Investigative Service against Khachaturov with overthrowing the constitutional order in 2008. Armenia earlier insisted on keeping the top CSTO post until 2020, however, the CSTO stated that due to the political situation in the country, it would be inappropriate to give up the post again to Armenia.

Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko signed on December 21 a draft resolution of the CSTO on appointing Stanislav Zas as the secretary general of the organization. Zas candidacy us yet to be approved by the organisation’s member states.

 

Armenia-Germany Relations

Merkel says Armenian PM made bold steps on Karabakh Merkel says Armenian PM made bold steps on Karabakh
/Feb 1/News.am/

YEREVAN. – German chancellor Angela Merkel said the Armenian Prime Minister had taken bold steps in the Karabakh peace process, but the words must be followed by concrete actions.

“It’s good when people are talking to each other, but both parties have to be ready, precise actions should follow words. I think the Prime Minister took bold steps, but the other side has to display readiness, too, and has to be ready for bold moves. I think finally both parties have to reach an accord,” she said during a joint press conference with Pashinyan.
 

Armenia’s Pashinyan at Konrad Adenauer Foundation: We need additional support for speeding up reforms Armenia’s Pashinyan at Konrad Adenauer Foundation: We need additional support for speeding up reforms
/Feb 1/News.am/

The next step in the transformation process in Armenia shall be turning our political achievements into economic ones; in other words, we need to carry out an economic revolution.

Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan on Friday stated the aforementioned in his address at the headquarters of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, in the German capital city of Berlin.

Pashinyan noted that democracy and economic development, as well as economic revolution and eradication of poverty are the main prerequisites of the program of Armenia’s new government.

He said one of the main prerequisites to achieve this objective is the creation of favorable conditions for tapping the business and intellectual potential of the Armenian people. 

The PM added that, to implement the respective reforms, they were developing the economic and political institutions, and they are determined to move forward in changing the relevant mechanisms.

Nonetheless, as per Pashinyan, Armenia, just like any other country in transition, needs additional support in speeding up reforms.

The Premier stated that, in addition to the similar challenges which all post-Soviet countries have faced, Armenia has faced several other challenges from the very first days of independence. In this connection, he pointed, in particular, to the transport blockade against the country, for about thirty years.

Also, Nikol Pashinyan stressed that energy security is another issue for Armenia and, in this regard, partnership with the European Union is of immense importance to carrying out reforms in the country.

 

Armenia-US Relations

George Soros promises ’strong support’ to Armenia
/Feb 2/Vestnik Kavkaza/

George Soros, the billionaire and key distributor of American influence in the world, called in Twitter to increase the US support for Armenia.

“The strong support of civil society in Armenia is vital for the democratic present and future of the country,” he wrote in the social network.

He attached to his tweet an article entitled ‘How the United States can support a young democracy in Armenia’.

 

Other Cooperations

 Armenian PM discussed issues of cooperation in military industry with Ambassador of Poland and representatives of “Lyubava”
/Feb 5/ArmenPress.am/

YEREVAN – Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan received on February 5 the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Poland to the Republic of Armenia Pavel Ceplak and the representatives of Polish “Lyubava” military industrial company.

As ARMENPRESS was informed from the Office of the Prime Minister of Armenia, greeting the guests, the PM highlighted the continuous development of Armenian-Polish relations and noted that the Government of Armenia is ready to discuss the future steps in that direction.

Ambassador Ceplak also talked about the importance of deepening relations with Armenia and reaffirmed the invitation for PM Pashinyan to pay a visit to Poland.

During the meeting the cooperation in various spheres, including in military industrial sphere, were discussed. In this context the sides highlighted the activation of the works of the Armenian-Polish Intergovernmental Commission for Economic Cooperation.

“Lyubava” is a Polish military industrial company established over 60 years ago. The production of the company is demanded in over 40 countries.

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